Distributed Computing

Distributed Computing

Distributed computing is a quick but kind of stuffy way to describe the situation when a business relies on lots of small computers located throughout the organization, rather than a few big machines at some central location. They may still have a few big machines, but many important duties are assigned to the personal computers and workstations, too. All the computers are tied together in a network, communicating with each other so that different portions of an application run on different computers.

The front end, the part of the application that the user interacts with to determine what information she wants to examine and how to organize it, runs on the user’s own computer. The back end, the part of the application that actually finds and sorts the requested information, runs on a central computer somewhere else (see front end, back end). This type of distributed computing, also referred to as “client-server architecture,” splits up the functioning of applications across a number of separate computers.

The advantages of distributed computing are increased speed and lower cost. It is currently quite popular and many businesses are converting to it as we speak.

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